16 July 2014
The Rt Honourable Philip Hammond MP
Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
King Charles Street
Dear Mr Hammond,
In your new capacity as Secretary of State for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, we hope to
highlight our grave concern regarding the human rights situation in Bahrain and are hopeful of a
fresh Foreign Office direction on human rights abuses in the country.
In November 2013, the Foreign Affairs Committee recommended that if there was no “significant
progress by the start of 2014”, the FCO should “designate Bahrain as a ‘country of concern’” in its
next Human Rights Report1. Despite this recommendation, the FCO did not list Bahrain as a
country of concern in the 2013 Human Rights and Democracy Report, but merely as a brief ‘case
study’. The human rights report further declared that:
“The government of Bahrain continues to implement the recommendations set out in the Bahrain
Independent Commission of Inquiry (BICI) in 2011, and those set out in the UN Universal Periodic
In stark contrast to these conclusions by the FCO, the Foreign Affairs Committee raised
implementation of the BICI as being “disappointingly slow” referring to this as evidence of Bahrain’s
“damaged international reputation”3. In addition, a recent statement by UN Special Rapporteur on
Torture Mr. Juan Mendez affirms that, contrary to the FCO’s report, the human rights situation in
Bahrain is “a situation that gives reason for grave concern”. Mr. Mendez finds that “the important
recommendations made by the Bahrain Independent Commission of Inquiry under the
chairmanship of Professor Cherif Bassiouni are all in a state of non-implementation”. Furthermore,
he expresses concern that “all the recommendations made by the Human Rights Council during
the Universal Periodic Review on Bahrain are as far as we can tell not being implemented by
Bahrain at this point”4.
Particular areas of concern include, but are not limited to: the use of torture; the passing of death
sentences on political dissidents in Bahrain; the erosion of basic principles of the rule of law, such
as, the denial of access to lawyers and an independent judiciary; and limitations on people’s
freedom to expression – all of which are key priorities of the UK government’s foreign affairs policy.
Although we applaud the UK co-sponsorship of the recent joint-statement signed by 47 member
states on Bahrain during the 26th session of the Human Rights Council (HRC), we nevertheless
urge the UK government to designate Bahrain as a ‘country of concern’ as recommended by the
Foreign Affairs Committee in 20135. We note that the UK co-sponsorship of the joint-statement at
the HRC commits to a multilateral position on Bahrain that declares “serious concern” for the
human rights situation in the country, a position that must also be expressed by the FCO on a
bilateral level. We request consistency in the FCO’s policy towards Bahrain and urge the UK to
demand accountability from the government of Bahrain for the continuation of human rights abuses
against political dissidents and human rights defenders that have been occurring since 2011.
We would welcome your comments on our appeal.
Americans for Democracy and Human Rights in Bahrain (ADHRB)
Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI)
Article 19 (Bahrain)
Avocats Sans Frontières (ASF) Network
Bahrain Centre for Human Rights (BCHR)
Bahrain Human Rights Observatory (BHRO)
Bahrain Institute for Rights and Democracy (BIRD)
Bahrain Justice and Development Movement (BJDM)
Bahrain Youth Society for Human Rights (BYSHR)
Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies (CIHRS)
Canadian Journalists for Free Expression (CJFE)
European Bahraini Organisation for Human Rights (EBOHR)
Gulf Center for Human Rights (GCHR)
International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH)
Khiam Rehabilitation Center (KRC)
Lawyers Rights Watch Canada
Lawyers Without Borders, Sweden
Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF)
Tunisian Initiative for Freedom of Expression
1 Foreign Affairs Committee, House of Commons, The UK’s relations with Saudi Arabia and
Bahrain, Fifth Report of Session 2013 – 2014, November 2013, p.13.
2 Foreign and Commonwealth Office, “Country case study: Bahrain – progress on reform
implementation” in Human Rights and Democracy Report 2013, April 2014.
3 Foreign Affairs Committee, House of Commons, The UK’s relations with Saudi Arabia and
Bahrain, Fifth Report of Session 2013 – 2014, November 2013, p.19.
4 Mendez, Juan. American University, Washington College of Law.
5 UN Human Rights Council 26th Session, Joint Statement read out by Switzerland,